Current Threads

DPA threads group our database entries around current topics of public discourse, policy debate or international patterns identified by our team. The DPA threads are updated continuously and our team adds more in response to public and policy debates. Do you miss the factual base for a particular policy issue? Please email us at threads@digitalpolicyalert.org.

In the spotlight

The OECD/G20 Inclusive Framework on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting

Last updated 02 Jul 2024

The digital economy challenges international taxation rules as businesses provide services to consumers around the globe while residing in only one state. The OECD/G20 Inclusive Framework on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting aims to create a harmonised framework for the taxation of international companies, including digital firms. The framework was agreed upon in October 2021 and currently counts 139 member jurisdictions, but it is yet to be implemented by governments across the globe. This threa...

Data localisation requirements in the digital economy

Last updated 23 May 2024

In addition to restrictions on cross-border data transfers, several governments impose data localisation requirements. In the digital economy, the obligation for companies to store the personal data they collect within a territory represents a market access barrier hindering international expansion. This thread lists the countries that introduced data localisation obligations.

Regulating Artificial Intelligence

Last updated 12 Jul 2024

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a popular regulatory object. Governments issue laws, orders, standards and guidelines regulating the development and use of AI systems. Regulators prohibit certain AI, require transparency reports and risk assessments from developers and enhance the rights of affected employees, data subjects and users, be it in the context of hiring, targeted advertising or content recommendation. This thread illustrates the ever-growing variety of policy approaches to regulate A...

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The OECD/G20 Inclusive Framework on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting

Last updated 02 Jul 2024

The digital economy challenges international taxation rules as businesses provide services to consumers around the globe while residing in only one state. The OECD/G20 Inclusive Framework on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting aims to create a harmonised framework for the taxation of international comp...

14

changes

128

countries

Data localisation requirements in the digital economy

Last updated 23 May 2024

In addition to restrictions on cross-border data transfers, several governments impose data localisation requirements. In the digital economy, the obligation for companies to store the personal data they collect within a territory represents a market access barrier hindering international expansion....

39

changes

17

countries

Regulating Artificial Intelligence

Last updated 12 Jul 2024

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a popular regulatory object. Governments issue laws, orders, standards and guidelines regulating the development and use of AI systems. Regulators prohibit certain AI, require transparency reports and risk assessments from developers and enhance the rights of affected...

668

changes

208

countries

Online content moderation requirements

Last updated 12 Jul 2024

Digital platforms are crucial to the functioning of the digital economy. Platforms enable the dissemination of user-generated content, which may be deemed harmful or even illegal. Governments have introduced rules to hold platforms accountable for the content they display, obliging companies to mode...

666

changes

204

countries

The Digital Markets Act legal framework

Last updated 07 Jun 2024

The Digital Markets Act (DMA) regulates core digital platform services such as online search engines, web browsers, advertising services, social network services, and video-sharing platforms that meet the gatekeeper thresholds. The DMA aims to ensure and maintain contestability in core digital platf...

31

changes

27

countries

Enforcement of the Digital Markets Act (DMA)

Last updated 01 Jul 2024

The Digital Markets Act (DMA) entered into force with a grace period on 1 November 2022. The majority of its measures became effective in May 2023, while the gatekeepers were officially appointed on 6 September 2023. The gatekeepers are required to comply with the DMA 6 months following their design...

19

changes

27

countries

The Digital Services Act legal framework

Last updated 10 Jul 2024

The Digital Services Act (DSA) regulates online intermediary services, including marketplaces, social networks, content-sharing platforms, app stores, and online travel and accommodation platforms. It aims to combat illegal and harmful online activities, including the dissemination of disinformation...

46

changes

27

countries

Privacy and Artificial Intelligence

Last updated 12 Jul 2024

The rise of Artificial Intelligence (AI) has raised data protection concerns around the globe. Governments are addressing a range of privacy issues that stretch from the use of personal data in training datasets, to the storage of personal data to run models, to the inference of personal data when u...

156

changes

116

countries

Governing cross-border data transfers

Last updated 12 Jul 2024

Cross-border data transfers is one of the most salient topics in digital policy. Data flows lie at the heart of the global digital economy, but rules differ across jurisdictions. This thread collects all recent policy changes concerning cross-border data transfers.

367

changes

124

countries

Governing cookies

Last updated 26 Jun 2024

"Cookies" have become part of consumers' everyday internet experience. Cookies were originally introduced as a response to data protection policy by businesses to gather users' consent to data collection. Recently, governments have turned their attention to businesses' specific cookie practices, inc...

95

changes

42

countries
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