Current Threads

DPA threads group our database entries around current topics of public discourse, policy debate or international patterns identified by our team. The DPA threads are updated continuously and our team adds more in response to public and policy debates. Do you miss the factual base for a particular policy issue? Please email us at threads@digitalpolicyalert.org.

In the spotlight

Cybersecurity frameworks

Last updated 07 Feb 2023

As data has risen in relevance to the global digital economy, its security has become a key concern for policymakers. Cybersecurity is a focal point of governments' data governance regimes, especially in the presence of prominent data breaches. Policymakers impose measures to prevent, detect and combat cyberattacks as well as obligations to report breaches in a specific format and timeframe. In addition, technical standards on cybersecurity are mushrooming. This thread collects all policies and ...

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Digital payment policy

Last updated 08 Feb 2023

Digital payments are the bloodline of the digital economy. Consumers benefit from cheaper and faster payment options, including cryptocurrencies. The importance of digital payments and the associated risk for consumers led governments to introduce rules on digital payments, including the classification of cryptocurrencies, the application of financial regulation and specific digital payment platform obligations. This thread collects policy and enforcement targeted specifically to the providers o...

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Upcoming data governance policy developments

Last updated 08 Feb 2023

Data governance policy develops at an astounding pace. Laws, regulations and enforcement action concerning data amass across the globe, creating an intricate network of policy that is difficult to navigate and predict. To enable insight and foresight within this complexity, we monitor policy developments' entire life cycle, from announcement to implementation. Our monitoring extends to scheduled developments that lie in the future, such as implementation dates. This thread bundles all such upcom...

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All threads

Cybersecurity frameworks

Last updated 07 Feb 2023

As data has risen in relevance to the global digital economy, its security has become a key concern for policymakers. Cybersecurity is a focal point of governments' data governance regimes, especially in the presence of prominent data breaches. Policymakers impose measures to prevent, detect and com...

305

changes

62

countries
Digital payment policy

Last updated 08 Feb 2023

Digital payments are the bloodline of the digital economy. Consumers benefit from cheaper and faster payment options, including cryptocurrencies. The importance of digital payments and the associated risk for consumers led governments to introduce rules on digital payments, including the classificat...

315

changes

69

countries
Upcoming data governance policy developments

Last updated 08 Feb 2023

Data governance policy develops at an astounding pace. Laws, regulations and enforcement action concerning data amass across the globe, creating an intricate network of policy that is difficult to navigate and predict. To enable insight and foresight within this complexity, we monitor policy develop...

41

changes

39

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Consumer protection in the digital economy

Last updated 08 Feb 2023

The digital economy raises concerns regarding the protection of consumers. New technologies trouble regulators, including dark patterns, algorithmic discrimination and the lack of transparency in crypto assets investments. Governments aim to protect their citizens through policies that level the pla...

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Regulating Artificial Intelligence

Last updated 06 Feb 2023

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a popular regulatory object. Governments issue laws, orders, standards and guidelines regulating the development and use of AI systems. Regulators prohibit certain AI, require transparency reports and risk assessments from developers and enhance the rights of affected...

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The remuneration of online content

Last updated 09 Jan 2023

The digital economy is characterised by two-sided markets providing users with free content. The creators of said content demand appropriate compensation for the reference of their work on digital platforms, such as links or snippets. Governments across the globe have introduced laws requiring digit...

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Taxation laws for the digital economy

Last updated 07 Feb 2023

The digital economy challenges international taxation rules as businesses provide services to consumers around the globe while residing in only one state. National governments, as well as international organisations, have attempted to challenge this status by introducing laws that either create new ...

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Online content moderation requirements

Last updated 07 Feb 2023

Digital platforms are crucial to the functioning of the digital economy. Platforms enable the dissemination of user-generated content, which may be deemed harmful or even illegal. Governments have introduced rules to hold platforms accountable for the content they display, obliging companies to mode...

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Empowering enforcement agencies

Last updated 06 Feb 2023

The enforcement of digital policy poses a significant challenge for regulators. Governments aim to empower their authorities with new tools to counter violations of data protection, competition and content moderation rules. Be it regarding their temporal or material jurisdiction, the reach of regula...

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Enforcing the General Data Protection Regulation

Last updated 06 Feb 2023

The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) introduced a new standard of data protection and has caused a great extent of enforcement action. In addition, 18 months after the CJEU "Schrems II" decision invalidating the EU-US Privacy Shield, two independent decisions qualified the use of Google ...

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Protection of user speech rights

Last updated 09 Jan 2023

Even though they are private fora, social media channels are widely perceived as platforms of public speech. Around the globe, regulators under the banner of free speech seek to clarify the rights of platform providers to set limits on permissible content and to block user access.

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Competition enforcement in the digital economy

Last updated 08 Feb 2023

Competition policy enforcement with respect to the digital economy is highly active within the DPA focus countries. Most cases concern the unilateral conduct of large technology companies as well as merger controls. There are, however, regional differences in the targeted economic activity. This thr...

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Russia & Ukraine: Cryptocurrencies and sanction enforcement

Last updated 23 Jan 2023

The economic policy response to the Russian aggression against Ukraine also affects the digital economy. Policymakers in Western countries are seeking to ensure that cryptocurrencies cannot be used to evade financial sanctions. At the same time, the Ukrainian government opened up to cryptocurrencies...

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Russia & Ukraine: Content regulation and free speech

Last updated 09 Jan 2023

Governments worldwide are regulating the portrayal of the Russian aggression on Ukraine via digital media and platforms. In Russia, a new law prohibits the spread of "fake" information on the conflict and media regulator Roskomnadzor rigorously scrutinizes digital platforms. Internationally, governm...

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US-China tensions under the Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act

Last updated 06 Jan 2023

This DPA thread tracks investigations and regulatory developments in response to the US Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act (HFCAA). The law was implemented in 2020 to prevent oversight gaps due to foreign cross-border data transfer restrictions. Registered public accounting firms located abro...

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Russia & Ukraine: Cybersecurity risk and data transfers

Last updated 03 Nov 2022

Data and systems security may be the next focal point of the Russian aggression on Ukraine and its international echo. Our team is monitoring changes in cybersecurity regulation and data transfer enforcement vigilantly. The Italian data protection agency has been the first to launch an investiga...

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State of trade barriers and internet fragmentation

Last updated 02 Feb 2023

This thread contains the data underlying our analysis of the state of trade barriers and internet fragmentation. The data consists of DPA entries of binding regulatory measures adopted or implemented by governments of the G20, EU member states or Switzerland in 2020 and 2021. A portion of these entr...

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China’s new data regime

Last updated 19 Jan 2023

The Chinese government has imposed new rules on both national and international data flows. Three prominent laws, namely the Data Security Law, Personal Information Protection Law and Cybersecurity Law, dominate headlines. However, an array of national and subnational regulations and standards compl...

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The promotion of local online content

Last updated 29 Dec 2022

Users of the digital economy enjoy access to content produced across the globe. This international competition threatens local content producers. Governments aim to strengthen their national sector by imposing requirements on digital service providers. Regulations introduce both quotas of national c...

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